The Girl Crisis and the Riot Grrrls
This book documents how girl hero cartoons emerged and contributed to cultural discourse about pre-teen girls. It begins by situating girl hero cartoons within other major discourses about girlhood. Chapter One considers studies by the American Association of University Women, books by popular authors such as Mary Pipher and Peggy Orenstein, and the riot grrrls' creative output, including the concept of girl power—as well as their media reception.
Teen Talk Barbie: "Math class is tough!"
Bikini Kill: "Rebel Girl"
Bikini Kill Live
Related online readings
(note: all readings open in a new window.)
- Carter, Bill (1991). Children's TV, where boys are king. The New York Times.
- American Association of University Women (1991). Shortchanging girls, shortchanging America. [PDF]
- American Association of University Women (1992). How schools shortchange girls(executive summary). [PDF]